Pakistan, split in the middle with terrorist attacks and facing an economic crisis, remains among the top 10 failed states. The country, placed ninth among all countries last year in terms of its overall achievement, has improved its position only by a notch – it is placed 10th in the index for 2009 published in the July-August issue of the journal. The ranking is done on the basis of the following factors: demographic pressure, refugees/internally displaced persons (IDPs), group grievance, uneven development, economic decline, delegitimisation of the state, public service, human rights, factionalised elites and external intervention. The top 10 failed states in the latest list are:Somalia,Zimbabwe,Sudan,Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo,Iraq,Afghanistan,Central African Republic,GuineaandPakistan.
Indiais placed 87th among the 177 countries under study, with its score showing an improvement over the previous year. But its neighbours fare badly in this ranking, withSri Lankaplaced 12th,Bangladesh19th andNepal25th. At the other end of the spectrum, the bottom 10 in the list are the top achievers:Norway,Finland,Sweden,Switzerland,Ireland,Denmark,New Zealand,Australiaand theNetherlands.